Types of CV
It is the most common form that people tend to stick to irrespective of the circumstances. The main feature of the chronological CV is that it lists the employment history in reverse. These types of CV is helpful for the employer to analyse your career path and key skills needed in the present scenario. But avoid using chronological CV if you have unstable work history or you trying to switch your profile and move away from the current form of job.
- Particularly useful for those applying within the same industry as it will demonstrate your career progression
- It is the favourite format for most employers, who simply want to easily identify the roles and responsibilities in each job
- If you do not have many achievements or significant highlights across your career, taking a job-by-job approach can detail your main responsibilities and take the emphasis away from key achievements which is more expected in a functional CV
- If you have gaps in your employment which you would rather not highlight, a chronological CV will make them more obvious
- If you are changing career direction, a chronological CV may not be so relevant to a recruiter who will be more concerned about the transferable skills that you are bringing rather than the detail of your experience in an unrelated sector
These types of CV will help to emphasize skills and achievements without being heavily biased towards a particular job profile. The functional CV is suitable for candidates who have no clear line of progression, and have no matching qualification or when you want to change your career to a completely new direction. SO instead of emphasizing on the previous work experience the focus is on highlighting the skills and achievements required for the job.
- If you have changed jobs frequently, or your experience is a combination of seemingly unrelated posts or if you have several career gaps, a functional CV will help place the emphasis on what you have to offer as a whole rather than your career progression
- If you are changing industry, a functional CV will help the recruiter focus on your transferable skills
- If you are a more mature applicant, a functional CV will take the spotlight away from your age
- If you do not have much work experience, you may struggle to highlight achievements in a separate section
- Most employers do not like this type of CV as they prefer to clearly see what the candidate has done and it also raise questions around whether the candidate is trying to hide something
- A functional CV will not enable you to highlight consistent career progression. If you wish to convey career progression, you should adopt a chronological format
It is designed to take the best from both chronological and functional CV styles. These types of CV is primarily used to when you want to highlight your skills as well as previous employer a full view of the capabilities. The only drawback of such a combination CV tends to be long-winded and can have detrimental effect. This type of CV is suitable for a senior professional with strong employment background.
- Perfect format if you have a strong career progression with many achievements
- Enables you to sell your strengths as well as your experience
- Lengthier than a functional or chronological CV so may put off some employers
- Not suitable for those with little experience or achievements
- Not suitable for those with employment gaps